AbstractThe present study highlights the facile synthesis of polyaniline (PANI)-based nanocomposites doped with SrTiO3 nanocubes synthesized via the in situ oxidative polymerization technique using ammonium persulfate (APS) as an oxidant in acidic medium for the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue dye. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV–Vis spectroscopy, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller analysis (BET) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) measurements were used to characterize the prepared nanocomposite photocatalysts. The photocatalytic efficiencies of the photocatalysts were examined by degrading methylene blue (MB) under visible light irradiation. The results showed that the degradation efficiency of the composite photocatalysts that were doped with SrTiO3 nanocubes was higher than that of the undoped polyaniline. In this study, the effects of the weight ratio of polyaniline to SrTiO3 on the photocatalytic activities were investigated. The results revealed that the nanocomposite P-Sr500 was found to be an optimum photocatalyst, with a 97% degradation efficiency after 90 min of irradiation under solar light. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyaniline; photocatalyst; nanocomposites; methylene blue; SrTiO3 nanocubespolyaniline; photocatalyst; nanocomposites; methylene blue; SrTiO3 nanocubes►▼ Figures
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The hydrothermal synthesis of SrTiO3 in a Sr(OH)2/NaOH solution by reaction of four different single crystalline titanium precursors (anatase, rutile, sodium titanate, and hydrogen titanate) having the same nanowire morphology was investigated under stagnant fluid conditions. Owing to the low solubility and dissolution rate of the parent phases, the reaction mainly occurs in a thin interfacial fluid layer. The new phase only grows on the substrate surface, and the morphology evolution is largely controlled by the interface through the coupling of substrate dissolution and SrTiO3 crystallization. The pseudomorphic replacement of the precursor by the product occurs if complete surface coverage is attained. Depending on the crystallographic matching, the parent crystal can either transform in a mesocrystal as happens with anatase via a topochemical transformation or in a polycrystalline product as observed with sodium titanate. In contrast, if the product grows in the form of isolated particles or with dendritic morphology, as in the case of hydrogen titanate and, to a lesser extent rutile, the new compound will not inherit the precursor morphology. When well-defined interfaces are missing, as happens when amorphous titanium hydroxide gel suspensions are used as precursors, the crystallization of SrTiO3 occurs by a completely different pathway, i.e., oriented self-assembly of nanocrystals in mesocrystals.