Swami Vivekananda was born on 12 January, 1863 in Calcutta. His family name was Narendranath Dutta. His father Vishwanath Dutta was a learned man who was well- versed in English and Persian. By profession, he was a successful Attorney-at-law in the High Court of Calcutta.
His mother was a pious lady who influenced Naren since his childhood in the formation of his character. She first taught Naren English lesson, and then made him acquainted with Bengali alphabets.
Naren studied in the Metropolitan Institution at Calcutta; and after passing the Entrance Examination, he joined the General Assembly's Institution founded by the Scottish General Missionary Board (later renamed as Scottish Church College) in Calcutta, from where he passed his B.A. examination, and went to study law. But since his father died, his family's financial position did not allow him to prosecute further study.
Naren was a good singer. Once Ramakrishna Paramahamsa happened to hear Naren singing a devotional song. He asked the young man to see him at Dakshineswar, where he was a priest at the Kali temple.
From his childhood, Naren was eager to see God face to face. He asked many religious stalwarts about his desire in the past, but none could satisfy him. Now this God-man of Dakshineswar said to Naren that as one can see him, he can also see God in the same real form. Naren was not convinced with his words. He wanted the saint to prove it to him. And in course of time, Naren had that wonderful divine experience in his life. He became the most important disciple of the saint. His Guru taught him that God lives in every human being. So by serving mankind, one can serve God.
With this teaching, Naren, in his later life, established the Ramakrishna Mission which is till this day engaged in rendering voluntary social service to the poor and the distressed, irrespective of caste, creed and religion.
Naren was later named as 'Swami Vivekananda', when he became a monk. He went to America to participate in the Parliament of World Religions held at Chicago in 1893. In his long lecture, Swami Vivekananda explained to the world that God is One, and that the different religions are like different rivers (or routes) to terminate in the sea (the same destination).
Hence there should not be any dispute among the preachers of different religions that they worship god in separate forms or with different beliefs. The realization of the eternal truth of One God can avoid hatred among the people. Swamiji's views were acclaimed with great appreciation, and a number of American men and women became his disciples, who later joined the Ramakrishna Mission.
Swami Vivekananda taught us the essence of nationalism in his bold writings. He wrote : "Our sacred motherland is the land of religion and philosophy-the birthplace of spiritual giants-the land of renunciation, where and where alone, from the most ancient to the most modern times, there has been the highest ideal of life open to man."
He also said, "Have faith that you are all, my brave lads, born to do great things."
Swamiji's call to the nation is: "Arise, awake; wake up yourself, and awaken others. Achieve the consummation of life before you pass off. Arise, awake, and stop not till the goal is reached."
Swami Vivekananda passed away in 1902.
Swami Vivekananda was a great Hindu saint and leader, who founded Ramakrishna Mission and Ramakrishna Math. We celebrate National Youth Day on January 12 every year on our birthday. Students can get an essay or article writing on Swami Vivekananda by their teachers. Nowadays, the essay writing on any topic is one of the best strategies made by teachers to promote Hindi writing skills and students have knowledge in schools or colleges. An effective way of knowing about topics, ideas and thinking of any subject is also essay writing. We are providing the essays, paragraphs, short and big essays of Swami Vivekananda with the aim of helping students to complete the work done from the school here. All the essays of Swami Vivekananda are written through simple and simple Hindi sentences. Therefore, you can choose an essay according to your need and requirement. Here you can find 100, 150, 200, 250, 300 and 400 words in the English language below for some essays of Swami Vivekananda.
Essay on Swami Vivekananda 1 (100 words)
Swami Vivekananda was born in Kolkata on January 12, 1863 as Vishwanath Dutt and Narendra Dutt, the home of Bhubaneswarwari Devi. He was a wonderful child with spiritual thoughts, his education was irregular, but he got a BA from Scottish Church College. Completed the degree of Together with Mr. Ramkrishna, he started the life of his religious and saint and made him his mentor. After this he led the Vedanta movement and introduced western countries to the view of western Hindus. His Chicago speech, delivered on September 11, 1893 in the world Parliament of Religions, led India to Chicago. He succeeded in establishing Hinduism as the world's important religion. He was a very intelligent man who was with the deep knowledge of Hindu texts (Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, Bhagwat Gita etc). Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Raj Yoga and Jain Yoga are his famous and main works.
Essay 2 on Swami Vivekananda (150 words)
Swami Vivekananda, a great patriot leader, was born on 12 January 1863 in Kolkata as Narendra Dutt. She was one of the eight children of Vishwanath Dutt and Bhuvaneshwari Devi. He was a very intelligent boy and was active in music, gymnastics and studies. He graduated from the University of Calcutta and earned the knowledge of various subjects with Western philosophy and history. He was born with Yoga nature and later he used it to practice meditation. He was very eager to know about God since childhood once upon a time he was passing through a spiritual crisis, he also met Shri Ramkrishna and asked him a question, "Sir, did you ever pray Have seen? " Sri Ramkrishna replied, "Yes, I have seen them from him, as if I am seeing you, only in very strong sense". He became a great follower of Shri Ramkrishna and he started following his orders.
Essay 3 on Swami Vivekananda (200 words)
Swami Vivekananda was born on 12 January 1863 in Kolkata as Narendra Dutt. His parents were Bhubaneswarwari Devi (a religious householder) and Vishwanath Dutt (an attorney in the Calcutta High Court). He was the most famous Hindu monk and patriot saint of India. His teachings and valuable ideas are the greatest philosophical property of India. He established the Belur Math and the Ramakrishna Mission. Saptami is celebrated every year after the full moon of Paushi Krishna Puja.
Since 1985, the Government of India has declared the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda as National Youth Day on 12th January. The purpose of celebrating this day was to inspire the younger generation and develop their overall ideals in future generations. On this day people remember Swami Vivekananda and his contribution in the country. It is celebrated with great respect, including the centers of Ramkrishna Math and Ramkrishna Mission centers at the headquarters of Ramkrishna Mission. Many activities of this day, such as Havan, meditation, Mangal Aarti, devotional songs are celebrated by religious discourses, evening art, etc.
Essay 4 on Swami Vivekananda (250 words)
A famous saint, Swami Vivekananda was born on 12 January 1863 in Kolkata. He was known as Narendranath Dutt in his childhood. His birth anniversary is celebrated every year in India as National Youth Day. He was one of Vishwanath Dutt, lawyer of the Calcutta High Court, and eight children of Bhubaneswarwari Devi. He was a clever student, however, his education was very irregular. He was very religious and spiritual person and was popular for his Sanskrit knowledge. He was a true speaker, a good scholar, and a player. He was a religious nature since childhood and was quite upset about God. One day he met Sri Ramkrishna (priest of Dakshineswar Kali Temple), then there was a change in him due to the spiritual influence of Shri Ramkrishna. After considering Sri Ramkrishna as his spiritual guru, he started to call Swami Vivekananda.
After his master's death, he participated in the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago in 1893, where he faced many difficulties. He gave them a New York newspaper as the greatest person in the religion parliament. Swami Vivekananda was a great patriot and was the greatest spiritual figure in the country, who tried to free India from poverty. On 1 May 1897, he established an organization named Ramakrishna Mission, which is involved in the promotion of Vedanta and various types of social services. His death took place in June 39, 1902.
Essay 5 on Swami Vivekananda (300 words)
Swami Vivekananda was born on 12 January 1863 in Shimla Pallai in Calcutta and died on 4 July 1902. He was one of the main followers of Sri Ramkrishna Paramhans. His name was Narendranath Datta, who later became the founder of the Ramakrishna Mission. He was a person of Indian origin, who introduced Vedanta's Hindu philosophy and yoga in Europe and America. He revived the Hindu religion in modern India. His inspirational speeches are still followed by the youth of the country. In 1893 he introduced the Hindu religion to the World's General Assembly in Chicago.
His father's name was Vishwanath Dutt, lawyer in the Calcutta High Court, and mother's name was Bhubaneswarvi Devi. Swami Vivekananda was influenced by the rational mind of his father and the religious nature of his mother. He learned self-control from his mother and later became an expert in meditation. His self-control was really amazing, using which he could easily enter the state of Samadhi. He developed the quality of remarkable leadership in the young age itself. After getting acquainted with Brahma Samaj in the young age, he came in contact with Shri Ramkrishna. He started living in Boranagar Math with his monks. In his later life, he decided to travel to India and started walking around the place and reached Tiruvananthapuram, where he decided to attend the Chicago religion conference.
After giving his effective speeches and lectures in many places, he became popular all over the world. After returning to India, he founded the Ramakrishna Mission and monasteries in 1897, the unique ashram in Mayawati (near Almora) in 1899. The ashram was the branch of Ramakrishna Math. Famous Arti song, Khandan Bhav Bandhan, is composed by him. Once he had meditated for three hours at Belur Math. It is believed that he went to his room to meditate and told no one to interfere and he died only during meditation.
Essay on Swami Vivekananda 6 (400 words)
Swami Vivekananda was born on 12th January 1863 in Calcutta on the occasion of Makar Sankranti festival, in the traditional Kayastha Bengali family. Swami Vivekananda's childhood name was Narendranath Dutt (also known as Narendra or Narayan). He was one of the 9 children of his parents (father Vishwanath Dutt was an advocate in the Calcutta High Court and Mother Bhuvaneshwari Devi was a religious woman). He grew up in the most influential personality of the father's rational mind and mother's religious nature.
He was a spiritual man from childhood and used to meditate in front of the idols of Lord God (Lord Shiva, Hanuman etc). He was impressed by the rotating monks and monks of his time. He was very naughty in childhood and was out of control of his parents. He used to be called ghost by his mother, according to one of his statements, "I had prayed for a son from Lord Shiva and he sent me one of his ghosts." He was 1871 (when he was 8 years old) Chandra Vidyasagar metropolitan institution for study and admitted to Presidency College in 1879. He was very good in subjects such as social science, philosophy, history, religion, arts and literature. He studied Western logic, European history, Western philosophy, Sanskrit scriptures and Bengali literature.
He was a very religious person, interested in Hindu scriptures (Ved, Ramayana, Bhagvat Gita, Mahabharata, Upanishad, Purana etc.). He was also interested in Indian classical music, sports, physical exercise and other activities. He was told by William Hastai (Principal of the General Assembly) "Narendra is really a genius."
He was very excited about Hinduism and succeeded in creating new thinking in the middle of the people both in and outside the country about Hinduism. He succeeded in promoting meditation, yoga, and other Indian spiritual paths of self-improvement in the West. He was a nationalist ideal for the people of India. He attracted the attention of many Indian leaders through nationalist ideas. Sri Aurobindo praised him for the spiritual awakening of India. As a great Hindu reformer, who promoted Hinduism, Mahatma Gandhi also praised him.
Chakravarti Rajgopalachari (First Governor General of Independent India) said that Swami Vivekananda was the person who had saved Hindu religion and India. He was called "the creator of modern India" by Subhash Chandra Bose. Many of his freedom fighters were influenced by Indian freedom workers; Like- Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Arvind Ghosh, Bagha Jatin, etc. inspired. Before his death on 4th July 1902, he practiced meditation for three hours in Belur Math.